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26 Dec 2008 Revisions and Flames

“You write,” notes editor, publisher and author Arthur Plotnik, “to communicate to the hearts and minds of others what’s burning inside you. And we edit to let the fire show through the smoke.”

Let the fire show through the smoke. That’s it, exactly. That’s what I’m doing right now. Barbara and Alfonso and all my other characters have fire burning inside. I have fire burning inside. Now what I have to do is clear away the smoke and let the fire show through.

Alfonso’s historical device was a flame with the motto Ardet Aeternum—“Burning Forever.” Could anything be more appropriate?

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25 Dec 2008 A Renaissance Christmas

A Renaissance Christmas by the Boston CamarataThe Boston Camarata is a wonderful ensemble based in (of course) Boston and dedicated to preserving and performing European and American music of the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque eras. Here, from their breathtaking CD entitled A Renaissance Christmas, is a tiny taste of what people in the Renaissance might have listened to at one of their Christmas festivities:

Nouvelles, Nouvelles

Nouvelles. News. Tidings. “And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.”

Good tidings and great joy to everyone on Christmas Day.

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24 Dec 2008 Historical Adventures

From the Associated Press:

SAQQARA, Egypt (AP) – A pair of 4,300-year-old pharaonic tombs discovered at Saqqara indicate that the sprawling necropolis south of Cairo is even larger than previously thought, Egypt’s top archaeologist said Monday. The rock-cut tombs were built for high officials – one responsible for the quarries used to build the nearby pyramids and another for a woman in charge of procuring entertainers for the pharaohs.

A woman in charge of procuring entertainers for the pharoahs, 4,300 years ago! Wouldn’t you love to know more about her? How did she become the, er, procuress? What kind of entertainers? How did she become a “high official” and how did she die? It’s almost enough to make me abandon sixteenth-century Ferrara and dive into ancient Egypt. (Almost, but not quite. I have new work to do on The Second Duchess, and I’m excited about it.)

So much fabulous history, so little time.

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23 Dec 2008 Christmas Music

I love Pandora. Right now as I work I’m listening to a shuffle of “Classical Christmas,” “Peaceful Holidays,” “Folk Holidays,” and my own Christmas channel.

I love Christmas carols, from the Renaissance-y ones like The Holly and the Ivy, I Saw Three Ships, and Bring a Torch, Jeannette, Isabella to the traditional favorites I sang in a dozen childhood Christmas pageants. It’s amazing how the music brings back the words—a little while ago I found myself singing (lustily) all five verses of We Three Kings without missing a word. Shades of Proust and his madeleine!

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22 Dec 2008 Winter Stars

Auriga from Urania's MirrorOne of my lifelong avocations is stargazing—not in a serious astronomical sense, but just to see the pictures in the sky and learn their fascinating historical lore (I’m always a sucker for historical lore). This week’s constellation is Auriga, the Charioteer or Wainman. At the left we see him as he appeared in Urania’s Mirror, a set of hand-painted cards published in London around 1825. (The scan is courtesy Ian Ridpath.) The constellation was first described in ancient times along the Euphrates River, in much the same form as we imagine it today.

Auriga appears in the sky as a pentagon shape, which represents the Charioteer himself. Alpha Aurigae, or Capella, is a first-magnitude (very bright) white star representing a she-goat the Charioteer is carrying in the crook of his left arm, and the three smaller stars forming a long triangular shape beneath Capella are the she-goat’s kids. Auriga Sky

Why is a Charioteer carring a goat and her kids? There’s no one explanation. Some say that the unusual formation of bright Capella with her three kids beside her came first, and the Charioteer was later imagined around them. In any case, if you look directly overhead around midnight on a winter evening (if you are in the US—in other parts of the world the positions of the constellations will vary) it will be easy to pick out bright Capella and her triangular cluster of three kids, and consider the fact that you are seeing the same stars the Babylonians saw, and the same picture they imagined.

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21 Dec 2008 Christmas Cookies

Today I’m baking kourambiethes, a Greek holiday cookie that’s traditional in my husband’s family. They are delicious—the texture is very creamy and pastry-like and the cookies melt in one’s mouth. Here goes:


1 pound sweet butter or clarified salt butter
1 egg yolk
1/4 cup confectioner’s sugar
1/4 cup orange juice
1 ounce brandy, whiskey, or ouzo (the recipe says “optional” but don’t leave it out!)
3  3/4 cups flour
1/2 cup cornstarch
More confectioner’s sugar for coating

Allow sweet butter to soften to room temperature. Beat with electric mixer for 10 minutes until white and creamy. Add egg yolk, sugar, orange juice and liquor, beating all the while until thick as mayonnaise. Sift flour and cornstarch into the bowl and continue mixing. Finish by kneading for 5 minutes. Refrigerate for an hour or two until the dough is of a good consistency to work with.

Pinch off small pieces of dough and roll into balls about the size of walnuts. Place on ungreased cookie sheet about half an inch apart. Bake in preheated 350-degree oven for twenty or twenty-five minutes—until they are just slightly golden.

Drop hot-from-the-oven cookies into a bowl of confectioner’s sugar and toss gently until each cookie is well-coated. Cool before serving or transferring to a serving dish.

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19 Dec 2008 Leonardo’s Swans

Just finished Leonardo’s Swans by Karen Essex. I love historical fiction in general but I was particularly drawn to this book because of its connection with the Estensi of Ferrara—its heroines, the sisters Isabella and Beatrice d’Este, are my Duke Alfonso’s great-aunts, and its milieu is just seventy-five years or so before my own setting.

Leonardo (da Vinci, of course) struggles with the timeless artistic affliction of starting projects he never finishes. Isabella’s infatuation with Beatrice’s husband Ludovico Sforza is one of those things that might have happened, even if it is not generally documented. The intricacies of the French and Italian politics of the day are always intriguing. I liked Leonardo’s Swans very much, and my only quibble was with the occasional anachronistic turn of speech, which jolted me back to the twenty-first century when I would much rather have stayed happily in the fifteenth.

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18 Dec 2008 Going to the dogs already

I’ll write about my dogs from time to time, I’m sure, so I’ll introduce them now:

Little Brother Big Sister

On the left, Boudin, so named because he is a Cajun doggie adopted through a Houston rescue organization. And of course food products always make good names for beagles. On the right, Cressie, also a rescue, a native of Canada.

My book features two “pocket beagles” (a gift to the new Duchess Barbara from Elizabeth Queen of England) named Tristo and Isa, who are based on my own beagles.

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17 Dec 2008 What am I writing?

Earlier this year I finished a novel based on Robert Browning’s 19th-century narrative poem “My Last Duchess.” It’s mostly based on real history, but the history is intertwined with Browning’s fictionalization and some of my own what-ifs.

It’s told in the first person by Barbara of Austria, the Duke’s second wife. Also starring are the Duke himself, Alfonso II d’Este, the fifth Duke of Ferrara, the polished and manipulative narrator of Browning’s poem; and in a parallel narrative the murdered first Duchess—beautiful Lucrezia de’ Medici, hardly more than a child, willful, sensual, and vengeful.

It’s my baby, my preciousssss—and I love the setting and the characters so much I can’t bear to give them up. What did they do next? The summer of 1566 simmered with intrigue in Ferrara…